Interactionists argue that there is no such thing as an inherently deviant act – in other words there is nothing which is deviant in itself in all situations and at all times, certain acts only become deviant in certain situations when others label them as deviant. My greatest strengths are my positive attitude, ability to manage my time effectively and my organizational skills. VAT Registration No: 842417633. List strengths & weaknesses Strength Weakness 1. The most frequent use would be recreational. Scheff said that mental ill was the product of societal influence, going against the common perceptions of the time. Nutritional Labelling in the EU: Strengths and Weaknesses of the Current Regulatory Framework L’étiquetage nutritionnel dans l'Union européenne : forces et faiblesses du cadre réglementaire actuel Nährwertkennzeichnung in der EU: Stärken und Schwächen des … %PDF-1.4 %���� Wide collections of all kinds of labels pictures online. Marshall and Purdy (1972) stated that the studies conducted reflected actual behavioural differences that were reacted to differently by different people. It is in these societies that the policing organisations have trouble controlling the abuse of drugs. Identifying Your Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats A SWOT analysis is a term used to describe a tool that is effective in identifying your Strengths and Weaknesses, and for examining the Opportunities and Threats you face. Labeling Theory The theory of labeling is defined as a view of deviance. Foster et al, 1972 say that in certain unique cases, the label of ‘criminal’ may force an individual to integrate back into society and try and try and show them that the criminal act he or she committed was a mistake and will not happen again (cited in Labelling theory). Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. According to being labeled a deviant person, is one that engages in deviant behaviors. History has shown that society has and will change to accept criminal behaviour or to make legal behaviour illegal. In schools, those that come from a working class family or a lower class, the youth gangs are seen as ‘trouble makers’ compared to the middle class gangs who are labelled as ‘pranksters’ instead. Research has shown that many of the youth gangs who come from the lower class get arrested and are labelled further as criminals. ;�ŕ?d}AZ�4�ձ�_Jd� h�7��)R#аy����)�2�f�3|U��T�lN?Ȑ�v�/WD�&�$��1�� ��%��a4N� �LJj A���48b͖^^^T��*0���b� ��2n �l%�2�1�14Ў��B��bmpL��Fc Basically saying that self fulfilling prophecies are true. Howard Becker (1963) is held to be the architect of the modern labelling theory. Walter Grove on the other hand was vehemently opposed to the theory proposed by Thomas Scheff. 0000011473 00000 n The first group consists of those who have one or more weaknesses. 0000002183 00000 n Trustworthy 4. Labelling theory is a result of the work of Howard Becker. Secondly is the process of self-labelling. RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY: ASSUMPTIONS, STRENGHTS, AND GREATEST WEAKNESSES IN APPLICATION OUTSIDE THE WESTERN MILIEU CONTEXT. It has occurred only when both the society and individual consider him or her to be a criminal or a deviant. Labelling theorists studied the various interactions between the ‘criminal’ groups and individuals and the conformist society. He noticed that in some tribes, stuttering occurred among their members and their language mentioned stuttering. strengths of labelling theory 13b strengths vs weaknesses 7 728. The texts that receive this title are taken to have some basic common element that makes each an example of labelling theory. The smoking of marijuana is another example, although it is illegal in most of the societies and nations it is now slowly being tolerated in some and even being legalised in others. It essentially says that negative labelling of individuals or even entire social groups can affect self identity and therefore behaviour. According to him, society then places certain behavioural expectations on the individual and the individual subconsciously changes his behaviour to suit the expectations of society. Michael I. Ogu Department of Political Science and Public Administration Babcock University, Ogun State, Nigeria Abstract This study reviewed the origin of the rational choice theory and how it came to be adopted as one of the major approaches or … Now it is legal. They then accept themselves as being criminal as use it to counter (either by moving with similar peer groups or by other means) society’s reaction to the initial act. Thus as shown in the above essay, labelling theory has many strengths and weaknesses. Labelling theory underpins the role of society in defining behaviour. Enthusiastic 2. The daily mail ran an article which stated that some people were more likely to smoke if they saw ‘Smoking Kills’ on it. It merely states what society currently thinks. They then form bonds with like minded deviant peers. It becomes so extreme that it becomes their one and only status. 0000002041 00000 n To eliminate tradition value in a given society is to extinguish life of its dwellers. But as mentioned before, the individual or group may seek to rationalize their behaviour, thus avoiding the prospect of self labelling. 0000056941 00000 n He is also responsible for coining the term ‘moral entrepreneur’ which is a term used to describe law making officials who get certain ‘criminal behaviour’ illegal. 0000009986 00000 n Crime statistics are more a record of the activities of control agents than of criminals. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Labeling theory was quite popular in the 1960s and early 1970s, but then fell into decline-partly as a result of the mixed results of empirical research. This can cause problems. Contents. Thus if a student is labelled a success, they will succeed, if they are labelled a failure, the will fail. He or she is then labelled criminal but has yet to accept the label. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Lemert concluded that the pressure placed on the members of the tribe to have good skills and the subsequent mockery and social exclusion if they didn’t posses the oratory skills led to the development of stuttering. In other societies however, soft drugs are illegal and the people who use them are labelled as deviant. Labeling theory is a theory to understand deviance in the society, this theory is focused more on trying to understand how people react to behavior that happens around them and label it as ‘deviant’ or ‘nondeviant’. There are a number of fundamental issues that the labelling theory attempts to explain. Disadvantages. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Becker proposed that criminal behaviour is dynamic in nature and changes throughout time. 0000007257 00000 n Describing someone as a criminal, for example, can cause others to treat the person more negatively, and, in turn, the individual acts out. Gouldner (1968) argued that labelling theorists made the individual look innocent by the application of labels by control agents such as the police and society. This theory is widely credited to be the forerunner of the present day labelling theory. He would not label himself as a criminal as it was a necessary for him to do so. Strengths and Weaknesses of Cognitive Theory Mana Alahmad Faculty of Foreign Languages, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran firstname.lastname@example.org I. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Although seen as a weakness by many critics of the theory, the economical approach to relationships can help get to the bottom line very quickly. 0000003068 00000 n 3764 29 If you are talking about Beckers labelling theory or social reaction theory, it has quite a few strengths. Shows that the Law is not a fixed set of rules to be taken for granted, but something whose construction we need to explain. The power of a name is blinding. 0000064248 00000 n He said that people are said to be mentally ill, when they display behaviour that makes them to be so. This is a great weakness in the theory of modernization. had bad storytelling and oratory skills were mocked. He stated that if a person is described as being a criminal then he automatically becomes one. Labeling can spark social concern and aid advocacy efforts. 0000064442 00000 n Those that were not able to conform to the rest of the tribe i.e. �Q�@�E���J����I���ŭ�Q�YL�\��٥k3�a_Đ�(ʐǰ��������2��� �~0���B �` �f��| ]L��� 0000005941 00000 n This is due to the fact that people with low self esteem or a different/weak personality trait takes these drugs to show that they can ‘handle’ it and want to rebel against society. Moreover, the theory recommends the elimination of traditional values as remedy to underdevelopment. 0000000016 00000 n 0000064015 00000 n In those societies, soft drugs and their users are accepted and are not labelled as deviant or criminal. An example would be a person stealing to satisfy his hunger. The first phase is known as the Primary deviance phase. The theories will discussed and how they can explain crime will also be discussed, and then a comparison of the theories will be given in order to identify their strengths and weaknesses in explaining youth crime. 0000003648 00000 n Some studies found that being officially labeled a criminal (e.g. Labeling theory states that people come to identify and behave in ways that reflect how others label them. This theory is most commonly associated with the sociology of crime since labeling someone unlawfully deviant can lead to poor conduct. Although the labelling theory has many strengths it also brings with it many weaknesses according to Browne et.al these weaknesses include the fact that there is an assumption that an act is not deviant until it is labelled as such, yet many of the perpetrators of the deviant acts know perfectly well what they are doing is wrong. If you are talking about Beckers labelling theory or social reaction theory, it has quite a few strengths. Becker (1953) wrote in his book, the Marijuana user, that the drug does not produce any addiction and that it has no withdraw sickness or any sort of substance that makes the user crave for the drug. Grove said that society has no influence whatsoever on mental illness. In spite of these, the major drawback of the labelling theory is the lack of empirical data to support it. All their other associations and labels such as that of parent, employee, and so on take a back seat. Tannenbaum (1938) is widely regarded as the first labelling theorist. 0000003610 00000 n Labels are a means of identifying a product or container through a piece of fabric, paper, metal or plastic film onto which information about them is printed. This essay will go on to show the origins of labelling theory, the theory itself and will show its strengths and weaknesses using various case-studies and examples. This part of the labelling theory has many policy implications. arrested or convicted) increased subsequent crime, while other studies did not. It shows that the law is often enforced in discriminatory ways. the labeling theory; and enumerate and discuss the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats against the usage and growth of the theory. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Labelling theory however has many inherent drawbacks. Happy Labeling! Different audiences may have different reactions to a crime and thus the punishment and the labelling will vary even though the same crime is being committed. x�b```b``]�����|�A��bl,;��"`R�7�}�6�e�d��6��#�;�O�yj/�s�o�^�`y�¢ɞ)xK؉��&�����U�Js���W0�'u���@�}� �'��:6�(s�.���U4���`�Q�cl]�b�$ؚ���$g� The level of stigmatization an individual gets varies on whether or not he cares about his label. Rather than taking the definition of crime for granted, labelling theorists are interested in how certain acts come to be defined or labelled as criminal in the first place. 0000014144 00000 n Spontaneous 3. When society finds some act ‘criminal’ or deviant, they usually place the term of ‘Mental Illness’ on those who show that behaviour so that society can understand the reason for the behaviour and come to terms with it. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! He pointed out that deviance was created entirely on the ‘whims of authority’. There are however several things that are wrong with the drawbacks. Despite the fact comprehensive education is the most common form of schooling in Britain the debate continues regarding the strengths and weaknesses of this type of education. Labelling theory is itself a label that is used to indicate a theore- tical orientation shared by a series of sociological texts on deviance, which emerged in the 1960s as a critical reaction against orthodox sociological criminology. An example would be that of homosexuality. However the labelling theory has its weaknesses which includes Liazos,(1972) who noted that although the labelling theorists aims to humanise the deviant individual and show that he or she is no different than other individuals except perhaps in terms of opportunity. xref In the future the mindset of society may change and acts that were previously considered to be criminal may be legalised. Pushy 4. As such, behaviours become deviant when those that are conforming to the norms attach labels to those that are not conforming. 2. Labelling theorists studied the various interactions between the ‘criminal’ groups and individuals and the conformist society. 0000008189 00000 n Labeling the disability spotlights the problem for the public. Labeling theory was quite popular in the 1960s and early 1970s, but then fell into decline, partly as a result of the mixed results of empirical research (Criminal Law, 2010). Erwin Lamert (1951) founded the “societal Reaction” theory. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The biggest drawback one may say that affects labelling theory is that it has not yet been ’empirically validated’. Note that as a group that they are seen to be performing at the 18th percentile in the eyes of their peers, direct reports, and managers. Labeling may make the majority without disabilities more tolerant of the minority with disabilities. 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