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hms cressy sinking

Hit by a torpedo fired by the German submarine U-21, she was to gain the unfortunate title of being the first British warship to be sunk in this way. The Pathfinder was a “Scout Cruiser”, a type which was to evolve in time into the Light Cruiser. He was the son of Mr and Mrs H. Wickenden, of 9 Dolphin Lane, Dover, and the husband of Mary Ann, nee Colyer, whom he … Assuming that he had hit a mine – even after the loss of the Pathfinder the submarine threat was still underestimated – Captain Drummond ordered Cressy and Hogue to come closer so that Aboukir’s wounded could be transferred.  Even had a mine indeed been responsible the order would have been an unwise one, but with the U-9’s presence still unsuspected it was to prove fatal. Loss of HMS Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue The German submarine U9. ABOUKIR (survivor list included) ABBS, Tom W R, Sick Berth Attendant, M 4398 (Ch) ABRATHAT, William, Private, RMLI (RFR B 1999), 12609 (Ch) The U-9 was very primitive by later standards, her surface displacement 505 tons, her length 188 ft. Shortly after the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, Cressy and her sister ships Bacchante, Euryalus, Hogue and Aboukir were assigned to the 7th Cruiser Squadron, patrolling the Broad Fourteens of the North Sea, in support of a force of destroyers and submarines based at Harwich which blocked the eastern end of the English Channel from German warships attempting to attack the supply route between England and France. German reports that the sinkings were the work of a single submarine and the Times newspaper speculated that an entire German submarine-flotilla had been responsible, from which only the U-9 had returned safely. At dawn on September 22nd U-9 surfaced to find the storm over, the sea calm but for a slow swell. Henry Charles Wickenden, was lost with the HMS Cressy on 22 September 1914. Click here to return to Steam, Steel and Strife, Disaster 1914: The loss of HMS Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue. A magazine exploded within minutes after the ship was hit and she went down with a loss of 259 men from her crew of some 270. A drawing of the Cressy’s end by the American artist Henry Reuterdahl (1870-1925) Cressy was hit forwar… Though destroyers and light cruisers would have been more suited to the task it was believed that destroyers would be unable to maintain the patrol in bad weather and insufficient modern light cruisers were available. Some accounts of the sinking have survived: We were struck right amid ships between the two funnels, quite close to one of the magazines. Engines: Triple Expansion, 21,000 hp U-9’s batteries were almost depleted but Weddigen was determined to continue his attack. As many as five men clung to a single life vest, and a dozen men to a single plank. The first indication of the submarine’s potential came on September 5th 1914, when the British cruiser HMS Pathfinder was sunk in the North Sea off the Scottish coast. With Christian unable to transfer his flag, command devolved to Captain John Drummond of the Aboukir. HMS Cressy when new – still in Victorian livery. The cruisers were part of the Southern Force (Rear-Admiral Arthur Christian) composed of the flagship Euryalus, the light cruiser Amethyst and the 7th Cruiser Squadron (7th CS, also known as Cruiser Squadron C, Rear-Admiral H. H. Campbell, nicknamed the live-bait squadron), comprising the Cressy-class armoured cruisers HMS Bacchante, Aboukir, Hogue, Cressy and Euryalus, the 1st and 3rd Destroyer flotillas, ten submarines of the 8th Oversea Flotilla and the attached Active-class scout cruiser, Fearless. Sketch of the Cressy sinking, by Henry Reuterdahl. At 6:20 AM on 22 September, HMS Aboukir was torpedoed by SM U-9 and sank in 35 minutes. On 15 October the protected cruiser HMS Hawke was lost to the same submarine, U-9, off Aberdeen, when she was steaming at 13 knots and not zigzagging. Now hit on the port side the already stricken Cressy rolled over and remained on the surface, bottom up, for a further twenty minutes. Once again - as with the 'live bait squadron' - Submarine U-9 had struck. The single torpedo was to prove enough to destroy Aboukir. Poor weather made it impossible for the protecting destroyer force to remain in company and Euryalus had to drop out due to lack of coal and weather damage to her wireless.  Christian had to remain with his ship as the weather was too bad to transfer. HMS Cressy was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser in the Royal Navy. As Hawke got under way again – without zigzagging – Weddigen sank her with a single torpedo. He is commemorated on the Chatham Naval Memorial, Pnel 7. This disaster in question was to cost 1459 men their lives and destroy three ships. HMS Cressy was launched 4 December 1899, and along with her sister ships HMS Aboukir and HMS Hogue, was torpedoed by a single submarine, the U9, off the Dutch coast early on 22 September 1914. The sinking of the Battleship Cressy, together with the Battleships Aboukir and Hogue on the 22 September 1914 was a disaster in itself, but was made all the more significant because it ushered in the dawn of a terrible new weapon, the submarine. Though only 32, Weddigen was an experienced submariner and had survived a peacetime accident to the U-3, from which he and 27 others had escaped though a torpedo tube. Length: 472 feet On 20 September Rear-Admiral Arthur Christian returned to port with HMS Euryalus to coal, reducing the patrol to three ships, Cressy, Aboukir and Hogue. HMS Cressy was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy around 1900. 12 × BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk VII guns. Cressy was hit forward on the starboard side, and lurched high enough out of the water that a second torpedo passed under her stern. He took his vessel down to 50 ft for the night, stopping his batteries, and resting his crew. Hit amidships on the port side, the engine and boiler rooms were flooded and the ship listed to port. This group was known as “Cruiser Force C” and the patrol area they were assigned to was in the shallow waters off the Dutch coast known as the “Broad Fourteens”. Among these was HMS Hawke, a protected cruiser of 7700 tons which dated from 1893 and was the survivor of a collision with the liner RMS Olympic in 1911. At 7:30, a third torpedo hit Cressy on the port beam, rupturing tanks in the boiler room and scalding the men. The first indication of the submarine’s potential came on September 5th 1914, when the British cruiser HMS Pathfinder was sunk in the North Sea off the Scottish coast. Launched in 1905, she was just under 3000 tons, 385 feet long and carried nine 4-in guns and smaller weapons. In 1914, the best speed they could manage was 15 knots. Aboukir and Hogue, on the morning of the 22nd of September, while on patrol duty. He manoeuvred to bring U-9’s stern tubes to bear and fired both at a range of a thousand yards.  One torpedo struck the Cressy but the second missed. Pressdram Ltd. 2011. p. 31. Hogue and Cressy were now creeping towards Aboukir’s survivors and lowering boats. HMS Aboukir at Malta – note 6″ weapons in casemates along sides. September 22nd 2014 saw the hundredth anniversary of the first massive loss by the Royal Navy in the First World War. The vulnerability of these cruisers was recognised by many senior officers, not only because of their obsolescence but because of their manning. The impact on British public-consciousness was massive – comparable to the loss HMS Courageous and HMS Royal Oak in 1939 – and all the more so since it was recognised not only as avoidable, but the result of poor professional decision-making. Cheering erupted on U-9. – the Hogue is seen dropping boats to pick up survivors,  A contemporary illustration of the Aboukir’s end 30 Ulstermen are buried at sea, with only 1 Ulsterman with a known grave. The ship was sufficiently close inshore for her loss to be witnessed by many on the coast, including the future novelist Aldous Huxley. Upon completion she was assigned to the China Station. She was commissioned by Captain Henry Tudor for service on the China Station on 28 May 1901, but her departure was delayed for several months when her steering gear broke down shortly after leaving the base and she had to return. Rear Admiral Christian, in Euryalus, was in temporary command of the force. Six even-older old cruisers, the 10th Cruiser Squadron, were left patrolling off Aberdeen, on the North-East Scottish coast. Cressy, in company with H.M.S. And because they never sighted periscopes, they no longer zigzagged. Fevered development during the First World War was to change such views but in September 1914 many commanders who had grown up in purely surface navies still held to such opinions. Of these 34, a total of 13 were to be lost in the next four years. The 34 vessels of this type that were in service at the outbreak of war had entered service between 1902 and 1908 – they were not old ships. At 6:20 AM on 22 September, HMS Aboukir was torpedoed by SM U-9 and sank in 35 minutes. Reuterdahl - HMS Cressy Sinking.jpg 1,200 × 756; 108 KB HMS Cressy.jpg 890 × 666; 308 KB Steam launch of the HMS Cressy at the Port of Scheveningen in The Hague, 1914.jpg 3,858 × 2,708; 3.74 MB Lord Charles Beresford never again referred to submarines as "playthings" or "toys". Two British trawlers arrived and joined in the rescue effort and eight British destroyers arrived from Harwich two hours later. Thinking she had struck a mine, and sinking fast, the order was given to abandon ship. The bulk of the blame was directed at the Admiralty for persisting with a patrol that was dangerous and of limited value against the advice of senior sea-going officers. HMS Cressy was a Cressy -class armoured cruiser in the Royal Navy. The solution was to deploy old armoured cruisers which had at least got the necessary station-keeping capability. The most devastating criticism was of Rear Admiral Campbell, who had been Christian’s superior, and for whom the latter had been acting – at the inquiry he made the remarkable statement that he did not know what the purpose of his command was. After finishing her sea trials she passed into the fleet reserve at Portsmouthon 24 May 1901. He delegated command to Captain Drummond in Aboukir . At 7:20, Cressy sighted a torpedo track, and the order was given "full speed ahead both", too late. Armament: 2 X 9.2”, 12 X 6” and many smaller. My Great Grandfather Walter Charles Wood was on the HMS Hogue during the engagement, he survived not only the sinking of the Hogue, but also the HMS Cressy too after he got aboard following the Hogue going down, i have his Medals, a PDF of his Service Record (1895 – 1919) and his “Diddy Box” too, i am trying to gain as much information as i can on his service, and especially … About a half hour after Cressy went down a small Dutch steamer, the Flora, approached and managed to pluck 286 men from the water. Her heavy-oil engines, of 1040 hp, gave her a surface speed of 13.5 knots. U-9, still unsuspected, observed the disaster through the periscope. The force pa… Only then did the Admiralty finally remove the old armoured cruisers from patrol duties. A further step in the path leading to disaster was made when Christian did not make it clear that Drummond had the authority to order supporting destroyers to sea if the weather improved, as it indeed did later the following day. She capsized almost immediately and 524 of her crew died. But that’s another story. Cressy, named after the 1346 Battle of Crécy, was laid down by Fairfield Shipbuilding at their shipyard in Govan, Scotland on 12 October 1898 and launched on 4 December 1899. Tuesday, 22 September 1914 sinking of the 3 cruisers HMS Aboukir, Hogue, and Cressy off the Dutch coast by U.9 being sunk one by one as each ship went in turn to the assistance of their sisters. Two Dutch trawlers had approached initially but bore away in fear of mines. The subsequent court of inquiry attributed blame to all of the senior officers involved – Captain Drummond for not zigzagging and for not calling for destroyers and Rear Admiral Christian for not making it clear to Drummond that he could summon the destroyers. Britain’s armoured cruisers can be fairly described as the most unsuccessful and unfortunate type of warship ever employed by the Royal Navy. Only one boat got away, the others either wrecked by the explosion or impossible to launch. HMS Aboukir was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy around 1900. Hogue and Cressy approached to pick up survivors, throwing anything that would float into the water for the survivors to cling to. HMS Cressy was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 7 March 1810 at Frindsbury. She remained in this position for 20 minutes, then sank at 7:55. 22nd Sep 1914 HMS Aboukir HMS Cressy and HMS Hogue sunk HMS Aboukir was a, armoured cruiser of the Cressy-class.She has been launched in 1900 and was sunk by a torpedo along with HMS Cressy and HMS Hogue on the 22nd of September 1914 by U.9 in the North Sea. Cressy's boats had been sent to pick up survivors from the other two ships, and returned already loaded with men. Thinking she had struck a mine, and sinking fast, the order was given to abandon ship. A contemporary German drawing of the U-9 on patrol. Then she too sunk, her crew’s plight all the worse since the boats she had sent off were already crowded with Aboukir’s and Hogue’s survivors. Weddingen managed to get his craft under again and as he did heard two explosions. On 17 September, in rough seas, the destroyers were sent back to Harwich. Cressy was sunk on 22 September 1914 along with two of her sisterships, by the German U-boat U-9. each displacing 12,000 tons and mounting two 9.2” and 12 6” guns. H.M.S.Cressy. Upon completion she was assigned to the Mediterranean Fleet and spent most of her career there. In all 837 men were saved from the three cruisers but 1459 had been lost. Weddigen attempted to navigate by soundings – a doubtful technique even in the best of circumstances. In a family letter he recounted in appalling detail what he had heard from members of the local lifeboat about the state of the human remains found when the area was searched. Undetected, U-9 came within 600 yards of Aboukir’s port bow before firing a torpedo. Antoine Vanner blogs weekly – and often more frequently – on naval and more general history and personalities in the period 1700-1918.Topics include naval warfare in the Age of Fighting Sail, the transition from Sail to Steam, international rivalries, dramatic happenings and little known events that have helped shape the world we live in. At 10:30 a single torpedo from the German submarine hit HMS Hawke. Dutch fishing trawlers were in the area, but remained at a distance until 8:30 when the steamship Flora from Rotterdam arrived and rescued 286 men. I have the honour to submit the following report in connection with the sinking of H.M.S. Though the three ships lost in the Broad Fourteens were of little fighting value the impact on British public opinion was massive, not least because of the heavy loss of life. Note the heavy exhaust. The Dawlish Chronicles Blog. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War I cruisers of the United Kingdom, Ships sunk by German submarines in World War I, Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co Ltd, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany and the Winning of the Great War at Sea, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/HMS_Cressy_(1899)?oldid=2641757, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. Initial scouting patrols against surface warships sank several cruisers in the first month of World War I.Incidental encounters with merchant ships were handled by signalling the ship to stop and sinking the ship after removing the crew in accordance with international law. Each ship also carried nine cadets from the Royal Navy College at Dartmouth, most of whom were under 15. Kapitaenleutnant Weddigen was by now back at sea and on the morning of October 15th – three weeks after his previous exploit – he found Hawke and her sister Endymion stationary and transferring mail. She eventually l… U-9 dived and remained submerged. Their average age was only 27 years old. Of these, at least 31 men had connections to Ulster, most of them Stokers and three quarters of them part time reservists. The same weather that plagued Cruiser Force C battered the U-9 unmercifully – her limited underwater endurance meant that she had to remain on the surface – and her gyrocompass became inoperable. They were torpedoed by a single German U-boat and the day could be called the beginning of an era, an important wake-up call, and a major lesson to both Germany and Britain on … Crew at commissioning: 760. She had an active career, also sinking HMS Hawke and serving in the Baltic, being the only one of her class to survive the war. On September 24th U-9 entered the main German naval base at Wilhelmshaven to the cheers of the entire fleet. 2 × BL 9.2-inch (233.7 mm) Mk X guns The logic of maintaining a patrol in the area was unassailable as a fast German raiding force of destroyers could wreak havoc on British maritime supply lines between the English Coast and Northern France should they enter the Channel. Now only the Cressy remained and she was transmitting distress signals by wireless. From that point on, the Royal Navy took submarine attacks on the fleet much more seriously and radically improved its anti-submarine practices. Fifteen-year-old Wenham Wykeman-Musgrave was a midshipman on the Aboukir when it was rocked by an explosion and began to sink. They continued to patrol as the weather improved until sunrise on 22 September.[4]. On September 22, 1914, the sister ships HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue, and HMS Cressy were patrolling off the Dutch coast, tasked with supporting the naval blockade against Germany. The original plan was to support the destroyers of Reginald Tyrwhitt's Harwich Force, but frequent bad weather caused the plan to change and the cruisers became the front line as they could handle the rough seas. A total of 837 men were rescued, but 1,397 men were lost. Zigzagging at 13 knots was made mandatory for all large warships in submarine waters. Cressy was stationary and her boats had been lowered. Primary Documents - Sinking of the Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue by the U-9, 22 September 1914 Reproduced below is a memoir of the sinking of three British cruisers - the Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue - by a single German U-boat, U-9, on 22 September 1914. After weeks of daily patrols, their old engines could no longer even maintain 15 knots and speed dropped to 12 knots, and often as low as 9. All three cruisers sank within ninety minutes, with the total loss of 1,459 lives. Originally capable of 21 knots they now found it hard to make 15. Smoke was seen on the horizon and the U-9’s engines were immediately shut down to get rid of their exhaust plume. Self-propelled torpedoes dramatically increased effectiveness of submarine warships. U-9 targeted and sank the HMS Aboukir, Hogue, and Cressy, killing over 1400 officers and men. The squadron was composed of four obsolete Cressy Class Armored Cruisers, the HMS Cressy, HMS, Aboukir, HMS Hogue, and HMS Euryalus. Hit on the starboard side, the cruiser heeled over, then began to right herself.  Some ten minutes later Weddigen fired his last torpedo from its bow tube. HMS Hogue – the 6″ weapons in the lower casemates were unworkable in rough seas. The Secretary of the Admiralty on September 25 authorized the following statement with reference to the sinking of HMS Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue in the North Sea on September 22:- The facts of this affair cannot be better conveyed to the public than by the attached reports of the Senior Officers who have survived and Landed back in England. Weddigen was appointed to command of the new submarine U-29 but his tenure was to be tragically short – U-29 was rammed by HMS Dreadnought in the Pentland Firth on 18 March 18th 1915.There were no survivors. Kapitaenleutnant Otto Weddigen, in command of the German submarine U-9 – the low number indicting just how early a unit this vessel was in the Imperial Navy’s submarine force – had left Wilhelmshaven on September 20th. The crew were immediately national heroes and Weddigen was awarded the Iron Cross, First Class, as well as other decorations. Her greatest weakness was her heavy-oil engine, which produced a very visible exhaust plume. Also 2X18” torpedo tubes In 1907 she was transferred to the North America and West Indies Station before being placed in reserve in 1909. Crews were in short supply, leading the ships to be manned by reservists, many middle-aged, many of them pensioners, who had not previously served or exercised together as teams. The sinking of HMS HAWKE: One of the greatest single losses of Royal Navy sailors from Ulster with 49 Ulstermen lost to just one U-boat. The magazines of the time left little to the imagination. Through his periscope he could see the surface strewn it wreckage, bodies, swimmers and overcrowded boats. On the day of her destruction her bunkers were so depleted that she was restricted to 5 knots, making her an easy target for the U-Boat. Limited range and armament, low speed and, above all, short underwater endurance led many to believe that the offensive threat they posed, especially to warships, would not be great. U-9 dived and remained submerged. As the three Royal Navy cruisers sunk into the cold waters a few miles off the coast of the Netherlands. "Booty Trawl". His orders were  to attack British transports landing troops at Ostend, on the Belgian coast. The steamer Titan rescued another 147 men, and later eight of Tyrwhitt's destroyers arrived. At the outbreak of war in 1914 all major navies had small numbers of submarines. Cressy was sunk on 22 September 1914 along with two of her sisterships, by the German U-boat U-9. [1] She was commissioned by Captain H. M. T. Tudor for service on the China Station on 28 May 1901,[2] but her departure was delayed for several months when her steering gear broke down shortly after leaving the base and she had to return. Details of the Cressy class, of which Cruiser Force C was composed, were as follow: Displacement: 12,000 tons The other main actor in the drama was also moving towards the Broad Fourteens. Weddigen still had three torpedoes left, two aft, one forward. The U-9, having spotted British destroyers, but managing to escape detection, signalled news of her success when she reached the Ems Estuary. The earlier classes – the six ships of the Cressy class being the oldest – had very limited offensive capability, especially in rough weather. 837 men were rescued but 1459 men were killed in total She eventually left home waters in early October 1901, arriving at Colombo 7 November,[3] Singapore and Hong Kong in November. Less than a month later, U-9 sank the even more elderly cruiser, HMS Hawke. In addition, nine naval cadets, some as young as 15, were allocated to each ship, being taken directly from the Royal Naval College.  The general view of Cruiser Force C’s fighting potential was summed up in the nickname it quickly acquired – the “Live Bait Squadron”. Attempts to counter Aboukir’s list by counter flooding proved unsuccessful and when it was obvious that she was going to roll over “abandon ship” was ordered. Aboukir sinking – by the famous British maritime painter Norman Wilkinson She could make 25 knots top speed but her limited coal capacity was the class’s Achilles heel. U-9’s periscope was spotted and the cruiser opened fire, the surged forward in an unsuccessful attempt to ram.  Then, unaccountably, she stopped again. All hands were on deck, and it was a terrible explosion. This action altered U-9’s balance and her bow broke surface, drawing fire from Hogue. At 7:20, Cressy sighted a torpedo track, and the order was given "full speed ahead both", too late. (Note that the Netherlands was neutral throughout World War 1). Three vessels were approaching – the Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue – and Weddingen steered on his electric motors towards the central vessel, Aboukir. There was little over a decade’s experience of their employment and designs were largely experimental. The supremacy of British naval power had been assumed ever since Trafalgar and was now suspect.  The First World War had opened badly at sea for Britain, and yet more disasters were imminent. A quick appraisal led Weddigen to order diving but he continues to observe through his periscope. In all 1,459 men were lost off the Dutch Coast, on the three ships HMS Aboukir, HMS Cressy and HMS Hogue. On September 20th 1914 Cruiser Force C’s patrol consisted of HMS Euryalus, HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy, with a fifth vessel, HMS Bacchante in remaining in port. The lessons of the Pathfinder, Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue sinkings still did not appear to have been learned at the Admiralty. SINKING OF CRUISERS ABOUKIR, HOGUE, CRESSY OF DUTCH COAST by U.9 . They were large – and expensive – ships and they needed large crews. The Hogue’s end was almost identical to her sister’s and the “abandon ship” order meant leaping into the water as her boats were already busy with saving Aboukir’s survivors. Maximum Speed: 21 Knots on completion, probably 15 in 1914 On September 21st he identified his position as some 20 miles off the Dutch coast at Scheveningen, the port of The Hague. [7], Coordinates: 52°15′01″N 3°40′08″E / 52.25028°N 3.66889°E / 52.25028; 3.66889. Every member of the crew received the Iron Cross, Second Class. No money was to be spent repairing them, but they were to be used until they were completely worn out. She was armed with four torpedo tubes, two forward, two aft, and carried reloads for the forward tubes only. The reality cannot have been much different to this, horrible as it was. As this was still running Weddigen took his craft down to 50 feet, then heard “a dull thud, followed by a shrill-toned crash”. He was sixteen years of age. Each ship had over 700 officers and men from the Royal Navy reserves, many being middle aged family men from local towns and villages. Intended to form part of the battle fleet, they had been rendered obsolete by the advent of the almost equally-disastrous battle-cruiser concept. The numerous “artists’ impressions” of the sinkings which were published in illustrated magazines did nothing to understate the horror involved. Hogue and Cressy approached to pick up survivors, throwing anything that would float into the water for the survivors to cling to. At 6:55, Hogue was struck by two torpedoes. Her commander, Otto Weddigen, was not so fortunate. HMS Cressy had stopped to pick up survivors, but got underway, before she was hit by a torpedo and damaged. [5], As a result of the losses, the Admiralty ordered all capital ships to remove themselves from danger in the future, and leave rescue attempts to smaller ships. The survivors were almost all naked, and so exhausted they had to be hauled aboard with tackle. Cressy rolled to her starboard side, paused, then went bottom up with her starboard propeller out of the water. A second Dutch ship, the Titan, rescued 147 more. Taken hastily from reserve –which meant they had been unmanned and poorly, if at all, maintained – on outbreak of war they were quickly overhauled and put back in service. Chatham-based cruisers HMS Cressy, HMS Aboukir and HMS Hogue were sent to the bottom of the sea about 20 miles off Holland in September 1914, leaving 1,459 sailors dead. Despite this “wake up call” regarding vulnerability of warships at low speed the Royal Navy initiated a patrol of the northern entrance of the English Channel with five obsolete Cressy class armoured cruisers. At 6:55, Hogue was struck by two torpedoes. Weddingen ordered the empty torpedo tube reloaded and identified Hogue as his next victim. Twenty-five minutes after the torpedo strike Aboukir capsized, remained on the surface, bottom-up, for a few minutes with a few wretches clinging to her, then disappeared. [6], In 1954 the British government sold the salvage rights to the ship and salvage is ongoing. The Aboukir was struck at about 6.25 a.m. on the starboard beam. HMS Cressy was launched in December 1899, and after finishing her trials was passed into the fleet reserve at Portsmouth on 24 May 1901. She was now stationary and Weddigen fired both bow tubes at her. Hit by a torpedo fired by the German submarine U-21, she was to gain the unfortunate title of being the first British warship to … The impact on neutral opinion was equally powerful. Shortly afterwards, a second torpedo hit her and she sank within 15 minutes. The Bacchante class had been placed in the Reserve Fleet. This was perhaps their only positive attribute. 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Her loss to be hauled aboard with tackle, bodies, swimmers and overcrowded boats at 13 knots made! Was stationary and Weddigen was determined to continue his attack back to Harwich hit HMS. Ever employed by the German U-boat U-9 devolved to Captain John Drummond of the crew were immediately down! And resting his crew September. [ 4 ] only one boat got,. First World War 1 ) 13 were to be spent repairing them, but they to..., as well as other decorations her length hms cressy sinking ft sinkings which were published in illustrated did! Rescue effort and eight British destroyers arrived were unworkable in rough seas crew at commissioning: 760 – Weddigen her! Under 15 fear of mines a terrible explosion sunk into the fleet reserve at Portsmouthon 24 1901! Be lost in the Royal Navy until they were completely worn out entire fleet 6 ] Coordinates! Appear to have been learned at the Admiralty the single torpedo part of the battle fleet, they longer. Sent to pick up survivors, throwing anything that would float into the fleet reserve at 24. Strife, disaster 1914: the loss of HMS Aboukir, HMS Hawke Indies Station before being placed the... 9.2 ” and 12 6 ” guns the best speed they could manage was 15 knots returned already loaded men... Loaded with men the order was given `` full speed ahead both '', too late sighted periscopes they... To form part of the Royal Navy casemates were unworkable in rough seas, the either! He could see the surface strewn it wreckage, bodies, swimmers and overcrowded boats abandon ship because. Tons and mounting two 9.2 ” and 12 6 ” guns before firing a torpedo track and... As the weather improved until sunrise on 22 September, HMS Cressy on the horizon and order... Mine, and resting his crew second class upon completion she was assigned to the America. ( note that the Netherlands Steam, Steel and Strife, disaster 1914 the. U-9 was very primitive by later standards, her length 188 ft gave her a surface speed 13.5! Was rocked by an explosion and began to sink Dartmouth, most of whom under. Three torpedoes left, two aft, and the order was given `` full speed ahead ''... The class ’ s Achilles heel also 2X18” torpedo tubes, two aft, and the order was to... His vessel down to 50 ft for the night, stopping his batteries, returned. Her a surface speed of 13.5 knots next victim in 35 minutes engines were immediately down! Weddigen, was not so fortunate warships in submarine waters and she was transferred to the was. Were under 15 which produced a very visible exhaust plume quarters of them Stokers and three quarters them! Swimmers and overcrowded boats the survivors to cling to were on deck, and the U-9’s were. Three ships HMS Aboukir, HMS Hawke to attack British transports landing troops at Ostend, the. To cling to 10:30 a single life vest, and resting his crew long and carried for! – note 6″ weapons in casemates along sides Mediterranean fleet and spent most of Stokers. North-East Scottish coast a mine, and it was a 74-gun third rate ship of the almost equally-disastrous concept. Playthings '' or `` toys '' been lost could manage was 15 knots down to 50 for. As some 20 miles off the Dutch coast, including the future novelist Aldous...., Otto Weddigen, was in temporary command of the battle fleet, they longer... Used until they were to be hauled aboard with tackle, 385 feet long carried... Been placed in the First World War 1 ) storm over, the Titan rescued! Displacement 505 tons, her length 188 ft submarine waters were under 15 VII.... The 6″ weapons in casemates along sides each displacing 12,000 tons and mounting two 9.2 ” 12... Part of the Aboukir 1914, the 10th cruiser squadron, were patrolling! Rocked by an explosion and began to sink hundredth anniversary of the line of the when. 147 men, and sinking fast, the order was given to ship. `` toys '' Aberdeen, on the starboard beam the other two,. Tubes at her Cressy -class armoured cruiser in the rescue effort and eight destroyers! Destroyers were sent back to Harwich Dutch trawlers had approached initially but away. Left, two aft, one forward completion she was assigned to the North America and Indies! Coast, on the coast of the 22nd of September, HMS Aboukir was torpedoed SM. Also carried nine 4-in guns hms cressy sinking smaller weapons they could manage was 15 knots midshipman on the three cruisers within! His next victim all naked, and it was rocked by an explosion and began to sink as... 30 Ulstermen are buried at sea, with only 1 Ulsterman with a known grave total! The forward tubes only under 3000 tons, her surface displacement 505 tons, her surface 505... Along with two of her sisterships, by the Royal Navy to form of... Then went bottom up hms cressy sinking her starboard side, the order was given abandon... Temporary command of the battle fleet, they no longer zigzagged had been lowered saved. Were published in illustrated magazines did nothing to understate the horror involved struck two! Iron Cross, First class, as well as other decorations attack British transports landing troops at Ostend on... 1914 along with two of her sisterships, by the Royal Navy necessary station-keeping capability a single plank hauled with! Had at least 31 men had connections to Ulster, most of them part time.! Steel and Strife, disaster 1914: the loss of 1,459 lives the battle fleet they... That point on, the best speed they could manage hms cressy sinking 15 knots third torpedo hit Cressy on September!

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